IUI is performed around the time of ovulation. When hormone changes cause an ovary to release an egg, it is called ovulation. The sperm cells are directly implanted into the uterus during the IUI treatment, bringing the sperm closer to the egg. Because the goal is to reach the egg and fertilise it, reducing the sperms journey time and distance improves the sperms chances of success by increasing the likelihood of reaching the egg.
In some cases of low sperm count in males or low sperm mobility, unexplained infertility, or adverse cervical mucus condition in females, IUI treatment is used as a conception method. Doctors may also consider IUI if there is pain during sexual intercourse or if there is some sexual dysfunction. The Procedures Of IUI Treatment A series of ovulation-stimulating drugs would have been given prior to the procedure, necessitating close monitoring of the eggs to determine when they are mature enough. The IUI treatment is most effective when performed during ovulation. The semen sample is first washed to separate the semen from the fluid, and then a catheter is used to deliver the sperm straight into the uterus. The direct placement of sperm in the womb increases the number of cells ready for fertilisation and hence increases the likelihood of pregnancy. The operation is almost painless and takes only a few minutes.
In the IUI treatment, timing is the key factor. It is strongly advised that the procedure be carried out in the early hours of ovulation, usually between 24 and 36 hours after the onset of ovulation.
The doctor may prescribe medication for progesterone once the IUI treatment has been completed successfully. Blood tests are normally done approximately a week later to evaluate progesterone levels, oestrogen levels, and perhaps hCG levels. The pregnancy test is performed roughly 14 days following the IUI procedure, or the patient can perform an at-home pregnancy test. If the patient does
not become pregnant following the whole cycle process, it is recommended that the patient try the IUI procedure again for three to six months to increase the chances of conception.